Renewable energy

Renewable energy

Renewable resources are all those natural resources that either can be replenished naturally in short time, or they are exhaustless: solar, wind, water, geothermal, biomass resources and which can be capitalized by generating electric power.

World Wide
RENEWABLE ENERGYThe world became aware of the need for a change regarding the conventional energy resources, when the first oil crisis started in October 1973, the more so as the second crisis came after short time, in 1979.

After this experience, the states started to make significant investments in developing researches, studies and in the specialized industry. Therefore, within four decades, this new branch of energy production spreads around the world, as reducing the use of conventional resources becomes a high priority.

The European Union decides by the European Directive from 2005, to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions until 2020 with 20% and to produce 20% of the total energy from renewable resources.

In Romania
Romania has a significant energetic potential from renewable resources, due to the diversified relief and climate offering us wide sunny areas as well as relevant areas with constant wind, which can be exploited during a relatively long period of the year. These are completed by the generous biomass resources like the agriculture crop residues, forestry and industrial residues, forming the most important and sustainable resource for energy production.

Before 2007, Romania has been producing green energy only by using hydroelectric power plants, approximately the third part from the energy total amount, the second after the coal plants. Together with the new Energy Law (13/2007) and with the Law establishing the promotion system to promote the energy production from renewable sources (220/2008), significant investments in solar and wind farms start to come out.

Although the first wind farm projects have been developed in Romania only few years ago, they start to become more and important in the energy production field. If in 2009 there were wind plants summing up an installed capacity of 14MW, in 2011 they reach an installed capacity of 988MW, and in 2012 it doubles reaching a capacity of approximately 2 GW. For certain, in the following years, Romania will become one of the main users of such renewable energy in Europe.

The wind energetic potential of the country, of approximately 23TWh, is the highest of the S-E of Europe, Dobrogea being in the leading positions worldwide, with an estimated speed of 7,7 m/s for at least 3.330 hours/year.

Considering the general background, the wind farm developed by FF Wind Energy International, located in Tulcea County, Northern Dobrogea, is optimally placed in order to benefit of all these prosperous conditions. This project holds all ingredients for a successful implementation.